PSHE

Personal Social Health and Economic education (PSHE) and Statutory Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education (HE).

KNGS delivers the Department for Educations statutory RSE curriculum, these are included, along with other PSHE topics, in our PSHE curriculum. PSHE also includes additional topics such as careers and learning skills.

Our intention in PSHE is to contribute to preparing our students for life. To help them develop knowledge and skills to be able to keep themselves happy, healthy and safe. Throughout our curriculum we highlight and educate students on the importance of wellbeing and happiness, along with helping them to develop resilience and positive personal attributes. All the topics covered are taught considering progression throughout key stages and age appropriateness. PSHE sessions also signpost our students to places they can get help and support, including in school, at home or from external organisations and charities. Our PSHE content is taught in regular weekly lessons and also on our drop-down days named ‘Health days’. Each year has one health day a year.

In addition to careers and learning skills below are the topic areas included in our PSHE, RSE and HE curriculum. For more information on careers, please visit https://www.kngs.co.uk/curriculum/careers/

AREA PUPILS SHOULD KNOW:

FAMILIES

 

  • There are different types of committed, stable relationships.
  • How these relationships might contribute to human happiness and their importance for bringing up children.
  • What marriage is, including their legal status e.g. that marriage carries legal rights and protections not available to couples who are cohabiting or who have married, for e.g., in an unregistered religious ceremony.
  • Why marriage is an important relationship choice for many couples and why it must be freely entered into.
  • The characteristics and legal status of other types of long-term relationships.
  • The roles and responsibilities of parents with respect to raising of children, including the characteristics of successful parenting.
  • How to determine whether other children, adults or sources of information are trustworthy: judge when a family, friend, intimate or other relationship is unsafe (and to recognise this in others’ relationship); and, how to seek help or advice, including reporting concerns about others, if needed.
RESPECTFUL RELATIONSHIPS
  • The characteristics of positive and healthy friendships (in all contexts, including online) including: trust, respect, honesty, kindness, generosity, boundaries, privacy, consent and the management of conflict, reconciliation and ending relationships. This includes different (non-sexual) types of relationship.
  • Practical steps they can take in a range of different contexts to improve or support respectful relationships.
  • How stereotypes, in particular stereotypes based on sex, gender, race, religion, sexual orientation or disability, can cause damage (e.g. how they might normalise non-consensual behaviour or encourage prejudice).
  • That in school and in wider society they can expect to be treated with respect by others, and that in turn they should show due respect to others, including people in positions of authority and due tolerance of other people’s beliefs.
  • About different types of bullying (including cyberbullying), the impact of bullying, responsibilities of bystanders to report bullying and how and where to get help.
  • That some types of behaviour within relationships are criminal, including violent behaviour and coercive control.
  • What constitutes sexual harassment and sexual violence and why these are always unacceptable.
  • The legal rights and responsibilities regarding equality (particularly with reference to the protected characteristics as defined in the Equality Act 2010) and that everyone is unique and equal.

ONLINE AND MEDIA

 

  • Their rights, responsibilities and opportunities online, including that the same expectations of behaviour apply in all contexts, including online.
  • About online risks, including that any material someone provides to another has the potential to be shared online and the difficulty of removing potentially compromising material placed online.
  • Not to provide material to others that they would not want shared further and not to share personal material which is sent to them.
  • What to do and where to get support to report material or manage issues online.
  • The impact of viewing harmful content.
  • That specifically sexually explicit material e.g. pornography presents a distorted picture of sexual behaviours, can damage the way people see themselves in relation to others and negatively affect how they behave towards sexual partners.
  • That sharing and viewing indecent images of children (including those created by children) is a criminal offence which carries severe penalties including jail.
  • How information and data is generated, collected, shared and used online.

BEING SAFE

 

  • The concepts of, and laws relating to, sexual consent, sexual exploitation, abuse, grooming, coercion, harassment, rape, domestic abuse, forced marriage, honour-based violence and FGM, and how these can affect current and future relationships.
  • How people can actively communicate and recognise consent from others, including sexual consent, and how and when consent can be withdrawn (in all contexts, including online).

INTIMATE AND SEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS inc. SEXUAL HEALTH

 

 

  • How to recognise the characteristics and positive aspects of healthy one-to-one intimate relationships, which include mutual respect, consent, loyalty, trust, shared interests and outlook, sex and friendship.
  • That all aspects of health can be affected by choices they make in sex and relationships, positively or negatively, e.g. physical, emotional, mental, sexual and reproductive health and wellbeing.
  • The facts about reproductive health, including fertility, and the potential impact of lifestyle on fertility for men and women
  • That there are a range of strategies for identifying and managing sexual pressure, including understanding peer pressure, resisting pressure and not pressurising others.
  • That they have a choice to delay sex or to enjoy intimacy without sex.
  • The facts about the full range of contraceptive choices, efficacy and options available.
  • The facts around pregnancy including miscarriage.
  • That there are choices in relation to pregnancy (with medically and legally accurate, impartial information on all options, including keeping the baby, adoption, abortion and where to get further help).
  • How the different sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV/AIDs, are transmitted, how risk can be reduced through safer sex (including through condom use) and the importance of and facts about testing.
  • About the prevalence of some STIs, the impact they can have on those who contract them and key facts about treatment.
  • How the use of alcohol and drugs can lead to risky sexual behaviour.
  • How to get further advice, including how and where to access confidential sexual and reproductive health advice and treatment.
MENTAL WELLBEING
  • How to talk about their emotions accurately and sensitively, using appropriate vocabulary.
  • Happiness is linked to being connected to others.
  • How to recognise the early signs of mental wellbeing concerns.
  • Common types of mental ill health (e.g. anxiety and depression).
  • How to critically evaluate when something they do or are involved in has a positive or negative effect on their own or others’ mental health.
  • The benefits and importance of physical exercise, time outdoors, community participation and voluntary and service-based activities on mental wellbeing and happiness.

INTERNET SAFETY AND HARMS

 

  • The similarities and differences between the online world and the physical world, including:  the impact of unhealthy or obsessive comparison with others online (including through setting unrealistic expectations for body image).
  • How people may curate a specific image of their life online.
  • Over-reliance on online relationships including social media.
  • The risks related to online gambling including the accumulation of debt.
  • How advertising and information is targeted at them and how to be a discerning consumer of information online.
  • How to identify harmful behaviours online including; bullying, abuse or harassment
  • How to report, or find support, if they have been affected by those behaviours.

PHYSICAL HEALTH AND FITNESS

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  • The positive associations between physical activity and promotion of mental wellbeing, including as an approach to combat stress.
  • The characteristics and evidence of what constitutes a healthy lifestyle, maintaining a healthy weight, including the links between an inactive lifestyle and ill health, including cancer and cardiovascular ill-health.
  • About the science relating to blood, organ and stem cell donation.

HEALTHY EATING

 

  • How to maintain healthy eating and the links between a poor diet and health risks, including tooth decay and cancer.

DRUGS, ALCOHOL AND TABACCO

 

  • The facts about legal and illegal drugs and their associated risks, including the link between drug use, and the associated risks, including the link to serious mental health conditions.
  • The law relating to the supply and possession of illegal substances.
  • The physical and psychological risks associated with alcohol consumption and what constitutes low risk alcohol consumption in adulthood.
  • The physical and psychological consequences of addiction, including alcohol dependency.
  • Awareness of the dangers of drugs which are prescribed but still present serious health risks.
  • The facts about the harms from smoking tobacco (particularly the link to lung cancer), the benefits of quitting and how to access support to do so.

HEALTHY AND PREVENTION

 

  • About personal hygiene, germs including bacteria, viruses, how they are spread, treatment and prevention of infection, and about antibiotics.
  • About dental health and the benefits of good oral hygiene and dental flossing, including healthy eating and regular check-ups at the dentist.
  • (late secondary) The benefits of regular self-examination and screening.
BASIC FIRST AID
  • Basic treatment for common injuries.
  • Life-saving skills, including how to administer CPR.
  • The purpose of defibrillators and when one might be needed.

CHANGING ADOLESCENT BODY

 

  • Key facts about puberty, the changing adolescent body and menstrual wellbeing.
  • The main changes which take place in males and females, and the implications for emotional and physical health.

 

Health Days

Each year will take part in a Health Day. These days form an important part of the PSHE curriculum which aims to promote healthy, responsible choices for students by providing them with information about a variety of topics.

Students will take part in a series of lessons throughout the day. The sessions will take place in school, during school hours. Sessions will be taught by visitors and/or KNGS staff. Students will have a member of the school’s teaching staff with them at all times in the classrooms for all sessions. Each session will last approximately 55 minutes.

Year 7

Year 8

Year 9

Year 10

Year 11

Curriculum Map

PSHE curriculum map